Nauka angielskiego online – Czytanie po angielsku – Usain Bolt

Lipiec 13, 2018 Agata Pruszyńska

Nauka angielskiego online przez aktywne czytanie po angielsku – Part 3#

Kolejna część wakacyjnego wyzwania przed nami. Kontynuujemy wspólną naukę angielskiego online i aktywne czytanie po angielsku. Dzisiejszy wpis jest poświęcony jednemu z najwybitniejszych lekkoatletów na świecie. Usain Bolt to żywa legenda biegów sprinterskich na 100 i 200 metrów.

Oprócz artykułu przygotowałam dla Was również słowniczek oraz kilka ćwiczeń. Jeżeli interesuje Was Część I i Część II wakacyjnego wyzwania, to zapraszam serdecznie do nadgonienia zaległości i zajrzenia do tych wpisów:

Jeżeli jeszcze nie podjęliście tego wyzwania, to zachęcam Was do spróbowania swoich sił. Kolejny artykuł pojawi się na moim blogu językowym w najbliższy czwartek. Stay tuned! : )

 

Usain Bolt – the fastest man in the world

Usain Bolt was born in Jamaica on 21st August 1986. He’s got two siblings – a brother and a sister. During his childhood he used to spend a lot of time with them playing cricket and football in the street. He was keen on sport from an early age. His parents were engaged in running a grocery shop.

For the first time Bolt was noticed by his teacher at primary school. At that time he was playing cricket but his coach encouraged him to try track sprinting [1]. At high school he became one of the fastest runners, even though he didn’t train very hard.

At the age of fifteen, he was 1.96 metre tall and stood out from his peers. He distinguished himself in physical abilities although his height wasn’t perfect for a sprinter. Another problem was his scoliosis. Due to a curved spine his one leg is shorter than the other. Although the odds were against his success in running, he became an eleven-time World Champion.

When he left high school, he focused on professional training. In 2002 he won the World Junior Championships which were held in Kingston, in Jamaica. He won the 200 metres in a time of 20.61 seconds and became the youngest gold medallist. His fellow countrymen’s expectations were enormous but he certainly lived up to them. He admitted that he was so tense before the final that he had put his shoes on the wrong feet [2]. However, this occurrence had a good impact on him, because he pledged himself not to be influenced by pre-race nerves any more.

 

Blog o nauce angielskiego - Nauka angielskiego online - Czytanie po angielsku - Usain Bolt

 

The next three years weren’t so favourable to him. He suffered from his spine and sustained a few injuries, for instance hamstring injury. Injuries hampered his training schedule and he wasn’t able to show his mettle. Fortunately his health improved later and he could completely concentrate on his preparation for the Olympics. Before this huge competition he boosted his top speed and his stamina. He managed to attain top form for the Olympics Games. It resulted in winning three gold medals at the Beijing Olympics in 2008. At that time he held the public’s attention and acquired worldwide fame. He beat the 100 and 200 metre records. In the 100-metre race Bolt ran in just 9.69 seconds and he said that he wasn’t even giving his all. In addition, his shoelaces were undone and he slowed down before the finish line and began to celebrate his victory. He could do that because he had a significant lead over his rivals. If he hadn’t slowed down, he would probably have achieved even a better result.

 

In 2009 he won the World Championships in Berlin and broke his own record by running the 100 metres in 9.58 seconds. At the fastest point in this race, he reached a top speed of 44.9 kmph [3].

Bolt is said to be the greatest sprinter of all time [4] and the fastest man in the world. He won Olympic 100 m and 200 m titles at three successive Olympic Games from 2008 to 2016. He went strength from strength becoming faster and faster. He earned his nickname ‘lightning bolt’ because he was as fast as lightning.

He is commonly considered to be the most successful athlete. His achievements can fill us with admiration. There’s no denying that he is a unique and exceptional sportsman.

And what makes him such a good and fast runner? Maybe his height and huge strides? Bolt claims that he’s naturally fast and it is something he was born with.

 

During his career he took part in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 x 100 metres relay. He could always rely on his family that supported him all the time. He was looked after by his manager and his coach who played the crucial role in his success. His primary coach, who persuaded him to resign cricket in favour of sprinting, was Pablo McNeil. In general they had a fruitful cooperation. Sometimes McNeil got angry with Bolt’s attitude to his training when he showed lack of commitment and devotion, but it happened really rarely.

When it comes to Bolt’s character traits and personality, he is thought to be funny. He seems to be very relaxed and laid-back. Perhaps if he weren’t so easy-going, he wouldn’t have achieved so much. He is also known for his penchant for playing practical jokes on other people and partying too much. Before races he would dance, smile and perform his ‘lightning bolt’ pose. On the other hand, he’s very ambitious and competitive. When he trains, he put all his efforts into doing it. He succeeded in staying reasonable throughout his whole career.

Bolt took part in advertising campaigns for Virgin Media, Visa and Puma. He retired in 2017 after the World Championships. He won the third place in his last 100 metre race. He would love to become a professional footballer and play for Manchester United according to an interview with The Guardian in 2016 [5].

 

 

Blog o nauce angielskiego - Nauka angielskiego online - Czytanie po angielsku Part 3 - Glossary
GLOSSARY

 

  • be keen on (doing) sth – uwielbiać coś robić

  • distinguish oneself in sth – wyróżniać się w czymś

  • the odds were against sth – coś było bardzo mało prawdopodobne

  • fellow coyntrymen – rodacy

  • live up to sb’s expectations – spełnić czyjeś oczekiwania/nadzieje

  • pledge oneself to do sth – zobowiązać się coś zrobić

  • sustain an injury – doznać kontuzji

  • hamstring injury – kontuzja ścięgna podkolanowego

  • hamper – przeszkodzić, utrudnić

  • show his mettle – pokazać, na co go stać

  • boost – poprawić

  • stamina – wytrzymałość

  • hold the public’s attention – przykuwać uwagę publiczną

  • break a record = beat a record – pobić rekord

  • successive – kolejny

  • go from strength to strength – odnosić coraz większe sukcesy

  • nickname – przezwisko

  • unique – jedyny w swoim rodzaju, niepowtarzalny

  • exceptional – wybitnie uzdolniony, wyjątkowy

  • huge strides – ogromne kroki

  • fruitful – owocny

  • commitment – zaangażowanie

  • devotion – oddanie, poświęcenie

  • laid-back – wyluzowany

  • penchant for – skłonność, upodobanie do

  • competitive – ambitny, lubiący rywalizację

  • advertising campaign – kampania reklamowa

  • retire – zakończyć karierę

 

 

 

Blog o nauce angielskiego - Nauka angielskiego online - Czytanie po angielsku Part 3 - Exercises
EXERCISES

 

 

Ex. 1 Ask and answer the following questions in English.

  1. Gdzie urodził się Usain Bolt?

  2. Jak wysoki jest Bolt?

  3. Czy jego warunki fizyczne są odpowiednie dla sprintera?

  4. Na jakie schorzenie chorował Bolt?

  5. Jaki on jest?

  6. Jakie rzeczy mu przeszkadzają?

  7. Jaki błąd Bolt popełnił przed finałem Juniorskich Mistrzostw Świata?

  8. Dlaczego Bolt był tak zdenerwowany przed tymi mistrzostwami?

  9. Czego oczekiwano od niego?

  10. Co w jego życiu zmieniło zwycięstwo w tym wyścigu?

  11. Co udało mu się zrobić na Igrzyskach?

  12. Jak szybko biegałby Bolt, gdyby nie był tak wyluzowany?

  13. Co pomaga Boltowi biegać szybciej?

  14. Jakie ambicje ma Bolt?

 

 

Ex. 2 Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions.

  1. Sophia is keen …….. small children. She adores to look …….. them.

  2. My sister is very knowledgeable about history. She distinguishes herself ……..

  3. This party has a little public support. The odds are …….. its winning in the election.

  4. I can be proud of my children because they live up …….. my expectations.

  5. You can always rely ……..  your parents. They will always support you.

  6. He showed lack ……..  respect for his teachers and was expelled from school.

  7. Jack succeeded …….. building his own company.

  8. I’ve got penchant …….. telling jokes.

  9. I got angry …….. my sister because she borrowed my clothes without my permission.

  10. If you want to become a champion, you have to put all your efforts …….. training.

 

 

Ex. 3 Fill in the gaps using words and expressions from the box.

 

run                             encourage                           focus                         hold

hamper                    boost                         break                        go

 

  1. She’s becoming better at playing the piano. She …………………… strength from strength winning five competitions in a row.

  2. My sports achievements were  …………………… by my scoliosis.

  3. I think that it’s good to …………………… children to take up different sports and hobbies from a young age.

  4. I’ve been …………………… my shop for 20 years.

  5. The 2020 Olympic Games will be …………………… in Tokyo.

  6. Usain Bolt …………………… many records during his career.

  7. If you want to …………………… your confidence, you have to practise more.

  8. Next year I’d love to …………………… on algebra.

 

 

Ex. 4 Discuss these questions.

  1. Who is your favourite sportsman?

  2. What features must a great sprinter have?

  3. How does Bolt differ from most sportsmen?

  4. How easy is it for a successful person to stay reasonable?

  5. When does a successful person become a legend? Give some examples.

  6. Do you think anyone can become good at sport if they practise?

  7. What are the advantages and disadvantages of team sports and individual sports?

 

Mam nadzieję, że postać Bolta okazała się dla Was ciekawa i inspirująca. Kolejny post pojawi się w najbliższy czwartek. Zapraszam do brania udziału w wakacyjnym wyzwaniu i aktywnego czytania po angielsku. Do usłyszenia! : )

 

 

Reference list:

[1] ‘Ten to watch: Usain Bolt’, BBC Sport, http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/olympics/7540279.stm
[2] ‘Usain Bolt: fast and loose’, The Guardian, https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2010/aug/28/usain-bolt-interview
[3] ‘Jamaican Sprinters Such as Usain Bolt Quickly Reshape Nation’s Identity’, Washington Post, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/08/20/AR2009082004135.html??noredirect=on
[4] ‘Usain Bolt’s Olympic goodbye the perfect ending for sprinting’s greatest’, The Guardian,
https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2016/aug/19/bolts-tender-olympic-goodbye-the-perfect-ending-for-sprintings-greatest
[5] ‘Usain Bolt: ‘I feel good because I know I’ve done it clean’, The Guardian, https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2016/nov/12/usain-bolt-feel-good-because-know-done-it-clean

 

 

O mnie

Jestem lektorem i tłumaczem języka angielskiego. Na moim blogu znajdziesz wskazówki dotyczące efektywnej i skutecznej nauki angielskiego online. Ponadto będziesz miał możliwość ćwiczenia słownictwa oraz gramatyki. Staram się również wspomagać lektorów w ich codziennej pracy wymieniając się nawzajem doświadczeniami i poradami.

  • Archiwum

    Kategorie wpisów

    Zapisz się na newsletter

    Najczęściej czytane